5G World VS Pepwave

Meridian 4G vs Pepwave

Technology

Meridian
5G WORLD

(4 SIM card device)

Cat 18 modems used in all our Meridian 4G devices are 5G LTE ready, covering all 30 LTE bands that exist worldwide.
Cat 18 modems are 4 times faster than Cat 6, and 2 times faster than Cat 12

Pepwave

released before March 2019

Outdated Cat 6 modems in Pepwave devices do not even cover all 4G LTE bands (15 bands only by Americas/EMEA devices) limiting speed and coverage in all superyacht destinations.

Pepwave

released March 2019

Cat 12 modems used do not even cover all 4G LTE bands (24 out of 30 bands only) limiting speed and coverage in all superyacht destinations. There is an “option to upgrade” modems to 5G compatible ones at extra cost later.

Built for:

Meridian
5G WORLD

(4 SIM card device)

Superyachts operating in busy ports with overloaded networks on roaming, cruising offshore and requiring handling a large load of user data (streaming movies etc)

Pepwave

released before March 2019

Police cars, buses, ferries

Pepwave

released March 2019

Same as older Pepwave

Roaming:

Meridian
5G WORLD

(4 SIM card device)

Built to address roaming Our devices do not simply default to the preferred network of the SIM card used. Instead, they automatically check available networks quality, signal strength and various other factors that affect data performance to select and connect each modem to the network providing the fastest data connection in any given location.


As a result, we can ensure that all 4 modems are always connected to the best network available resulting in the fastest internet connection with fully automated network selection and no interruptions or manual effort required (manual selection is possible but rarely necessary).

Pepwave

released before March 2019

Not built for roaming Modems built to default to the network of the SIM card used; if such network is not available modem selects any available network at random. Does not even check if data connection works on that network. End result – blind network selection and unpredictable performance on roaming.


Manual selection is possible that requires manual testing limited to perceived performance during short testing intervals. Manually selected network resets if connection is lost and the process has to be repeated manually again. Result: connection interruptions, unnecessary effort/stress, subjective human judgement.

Pepwave

released March 2019

Same as older Pepwave

Connection Reliability:

Meridian
5G WORLD

(4 SIM card device)

Connection aggregation (type of bonding), proper roaming handling and correct setup of 4G-related above and below deck equipment ensures that our technology can provide a stable reliable connection within 6-7 nm offshore (25 nm with amplifiers)

Pepwave

released before March 2019

Busy ports with overloaded networks, changing distance to shore and roaming create unpredictable conditions for devices built to operate in police cars within the same country. Use of bonding improves reliability if the setup is done correctly.

Pepwave

released March 2019

Same as older Pepwave

Security:

Meridian
5G WORLD

(4 SIM card device)

Military grade double layer encryption

Pepwave

released before March 2019

No encryption, connection is not secure. If bonding is used encryption is possible but will affect internet speed.

Pepwave

released March 2019

Same as older Pepwave

Speed:

Meridian
5G WORLD

(4 SIM card device)

Nominal limit: 4800 Mbit/s
(with bonding and military grade encryption)
Speed: 134 Mbit/s down, 82 Mbit/s up
Model: 5G WORLD
Identical onboard setup, reference from the boat available

Pepwave

released before March 2019

Nominal limit: 400 Mbit/s without bonding
150 Mbit/s with unencrypted bonding
120 Mbit/s with encrypted bonding
Speed: 14 Mbit/s down, 11 Mbit/s up
Model: Max HD4 (4 SIM card Pepwave)
Identical onboard setup, reference from the boat available

Pepwave

released March 2019

Nominal limit: 2500 Mbit/s without bonding
600 Mbit/s with unencrypted bonding
500 Mbit/s with encrypted bonding
Device was not available when test was set up

Price & Coverage:

Meridian
5G WORLD

(4 SIM card device)

4 SIM device that works WORLDWIDE
€9,500 including small parts, data centre license and setup, 2 year warranty

Pepwave

released before March 2019

Two devices required – “Americas/EMEA” and “Asia Pacific”, total cost doubles for worldwide coverage
1 SIM device – approx. €600 each x2 = €1,200
2 SIM device – approx. €3,100 each x2 = €6,200
4 SIM device – approx. €6,000 each x2 = €12,000
with bonding add data centre license and setup: €1,100

Pepwave

released March 2019

All models have worldwide coverage now but they don’t cover all LTE bands.
4 SIM device – approx. $8,000
with bonding add data centre license and setup: €1,100

Operating Costs:

Meridian
5G WORLD

(4 SIM card device)

Data centre counterpart €350

Pepwave

released before March 2019

No cost or approx. €370 if bonding is used

Pepwave

released March 2019

Same as older Pepwave

Meridian 5G WORLD

(4 SIM card device)

Pepwave (all models)

released before March 2019

Pepwave (all models)

released March 2019

Technology

Cat 18 modems used in all our Meridian 4G devices are 5G LTE ready, covering all 30 LTE bands that exist worldwide.
Cat 18 modems are 4 times faster than Cat 6, and 2 times faster than Cat 12
Outdated Cat 6 modems in Pepwave devices do not even cover all 4G LTE bands (15 bands only by Americas/EMEA devices) limiting speed and coverage in all superyacht destinations.
Cat 12 modems used do not even cover all 4G LTE bands (24 out of 30 bands only) limiting speed and coverage in all superyacht destinations. There is an “option to upgrade” modems to 5G compatible ones at extra cost later.

Built for:

Superyachts operating in busy ports with overloaded networks on roaming, cruising offshore and requiring handling a large load of user data (streaming movies etc)
Police cars, buses, ferries
Same as older Pepwave

Roaming:

Built to address roaming Our devices do not simply default to the preferred network of the SIM card used. Instead, they automatically check available networks quality, signal strength and various other factors that affect data performance to select and connect each modem to the network providing the fastest data connection in any given location.


As a result, we can ensure that all 4 modems are always connected to the best network available resulting in the fastest internet connection with fully automated network selection and no interruptions or manual effort required (manual selection is possible but rarely necessary).
Not built for roaming Modems built to default to the network of the SIM card used; if such network is not available modem selects any available network at random. Does not even check if data connection works on that network. End result – blind network selection and unpredictable performance on roaming.


Manual selection is possible that requires manual testing limited to perceived performance during short testing intervals. Manually selected network resets if connection is lost and the process has to be repeated manually again. Result: connection interruptions, unnecessary effort/stress, subjective human judgement.
Same as older Pepwave

Connection Reliability:

Connection aggregation (type of bonding), proper roaming handling and correct setup of 4G-related above and below deck equipment ensures that our technology can provide a stable reliable connection within 6-7 nm offshore (25 nm with amplifiers)
Busy ports with overloaded networks, changing distance to shore and roaming create unpredictable conditions for devices built to operate in police cars within the same country. Use of bonding improves reliability if the setup is done correctly.
Same as older Pepwave

Security:

Military grade double layer encryption
No encryption, connection is not secure. If bonding is used encryption is possible but will affect internet speed.
Same as older Pepwave

Speed:

Nominal limit: 4800 Mbit/s
(with bonding and military grade encryption)
Nominal limit: 400 Mbit/s without bonding
150 Mbit/s with unencrypted bonding
120 Mbit/s with encrypted bonding
Nominal limit: 2500 Mbit/s without bonding
600 Mbit/s with unencrypted bonding
500 Mbit/s with encrypted bonding

Live test 1:
Speed: 134 Mbit/s down, 82 Mbit/s up
Speed: 14 Mbit/s down, 11 Mbit/s up
Device was not available when test was set up

Date: March 28, 2019
Model: 5G WORLD
Model: Max HD4 (4 SIM card Pepwave)

Location: Toulon, France
Identical onboard setup, reference from the boat available
Identical onboard setup, reference from the boat available

Price & Coverage:

4 SIM device that works WORLDWIDE
€9,500 including small parts, data centre license and setup, 2 year warranty
Two devices required – “Americas/EMEA” and “Asia Pacific”, total cost doubles for worldwide coverage
1 SIM device – €600 each x2 = €1,200
2 SIM device – €3,100 each x2 = €6,200
4 SIM device – €6,000 each x2 = €12,000
with bonding add data centre license and setup: €1,100
All models have worldwide coverage now but they don’t cover all LTE bands.
4 SIM device – approx. $8,000
with bonding add data centre license and setup: €1,100

Operating Costs:

Data centre counterpart €350
No cost or €370 if bonding is used
Same as older Pepwave

Detailed Tech Spec Comparison

3G/ 4G Modem Technology

LTE-Advanced

Meridian

Old Pepwave

New Pepwave

LTE-Advanced-Pro

Meridian

Old Pepwave

New Pepwave

LTE-Category

Meridian

Cat 18 (latest category available)

Old Pepwave

Cat 6 (super outdated)

New Pepwave

Cat 12 (previous category available)

Worldwide Coverage:

Meridian

Old Pepwave

New Pepwave

LTE bands

Meridian

Worldwide all 30 bands: B1, B3, B25(B2), B66(B4), B26(B5/B18/B19), B7, B8, B12(17), B13, B14, B20, B28, B29, B30, B32, B71, B38, B39, B40, B41, B42, B43, B46, B48

Old Pepwave

Americas/EMEA model – 15 bands: B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B7, B8, B12, B13, B20, B25, B26, B29, B30, B41 (doesn’t even cover high-speed band 71)
Asia Pacific model – 13 bands: B1, B3, B5, B7, B8, B18, B19, B21, B28, B38, B39, B40, B41
Total bands: 22 (some are repeated in 2 models)

New Pepwave

Worldwide model 24 bands: B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B7, B8, B9, B12, B13, B18, B19, B20, B26, B28, B29, B30, B32, B41, B42, B43, B46, B48, B66

3G fallback

Meridian

Old Pepwave

New Pepwave

Carrier Aggregation

Meridian

Downstream: 5x
Upstream: 2x

Old Pepwave

Downstream: 2x
Upstream: none
As a result, our modems are 4 times faster

New Pepwave

Downstream: 3x
Upstream: 2x
Meridian’s modems are 2 times faster than this one

MiMo

Meridian

4×4

Old Pepwave

2×2

New Pepwave

4×4

Max. Modulation

Meridian

Downstream: 256 QAM
Upstream: 64 QAM
higher modulation equals more speed

Old Pepwave

Downstream: 64 QAM
Upstream: 16 QAM

New Pepwave

Downstream: 256 QAM
Upstream: 64 QAM

Max CA Bandwidth

Meridian

60MHz

Old Pepwave

40MHz

New Pepwave

60MHz

Performance – BURST RATES (MIR)

Router Throughput

Meridian

4,800 Mbit/s

Old Pepwave

400 Mbit/s

New Pepwave

2,500 Mbit/s

Bonding Thoughput
(no encryption)

Meridian

4,800 Mbit/s

Old Pepwave

150 Mbit/s

New Pepwave

600 Mbit/s

Bonding Thoughput
(with encryption)

Meridian

2,400 Mbit/s

Old Pepwave

120 Mbit/s

New Pepwave

500 Mbit/s

Data Centre Counterpart Throughput

Meridian

2,400 Mbit/s

Old Pepwave

100 Mbit/s limit due to data centre license

New Pepwave

We don’t know yet if data centre license has been improved, maximum 500 Mbit/s

System Maximum Throughput (MIR) with Bonding

(meaning max speed of the weakest component)

Meridian

2,400 Mbit/s

Old Pepwave

100 Mbit/s (This is a big difference that really matters)

New Pepwave

We don’t know yet if data centre license has been improved, maximum 500 Mbit/s

Mechanics, Environment, Ergonomics

SIM slot location

Meridian

Front

Max HD4, LTE-A used for comparison

Rear (this is super unergonomic to replace a SIM card)

Max HD4 MBX, LTE-A-Pro used for comparison

Same as older Pepwave

Dimensions in mm

Meridian

44.5h x 483w x 300d, 1HU (height unit)

Max HD4, LTE-A used for comparison

50h x 292w x 177d, 5mm more than 1HU so it will waste 1HU extra space in a rack

Max HD4 MBX, LTE-A-Pro used for comparison

Same as older Pepwave

Rack Mounted Chassis

Meridian

Yes

Max HD4, LTE-A used for comparison

No, need a tray to mount this device in a rack

Max HD4 MBX, LTE-A-Pro used for comparison

Same as older Pepwave

Weight

Meridian

3.5 kg

Max HD4, LTE-A used for comparison

1.9 kg

Max HD4 MBX, LTE-A-Pro used for comparison

Same as older Pepwave

Operating Temperature

Meridian

-40 – 70°C

Max HD4, LTE-A used for comparison

-40 – 65°C

Max HD4 MBX, LTE-A-Pro used for comparison

Same as older Pepwave

Warranty

Meridian

2 years

Max HD4, LTE-A used for comparison

1 year

Max HD4 MBX, LTE-A-Pro used for comparison

Same as older Pepwave

1HU Worldwide, LTE-A-Pro

Pepwave BR1, HD2, HD4

what yachts have onboard now

Pepwave HD4 MBX

released end of March 2019

3G/ 4G Modem Technology

LTE-Advanced

LTE-Advanced-Pro

LTE-Category

Cat 18 (latest category available)
Cat 6 (super outdated)
Cat 12 (previous category available)

Worldwide Coverage:

LTE bands

Worldwide all 30 bands: B1, B3, B25(B2), B66(B4), B26(B5/B18/B19), B7, B8, B12(17), B13, B14, B20, B28, B29, B30, B32, B71, B38, B39, B40, B41, B42, B43, B46, B48
Americas/EMEA model – 15 bands: B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B7, B8, B12, B13, B20, B25, B26, B29, B30, B41 (doesn’t even cover high-speed band 71)


Asia Pacific model – 13 bands: B1, B3, B5, B7, B8, B18, B19, B21, B28, B38, B39, B40, B41


Total bands: 22 (some are repeated in 2 models)
Worldwide model 24 bands: B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B7, B8, B9, B12, B13, B18, B19, B20, B26, B28, B29, B30, B32, B41, B42, B43, B46, B48, B66

3G fallback

Carrier Aggregation

Downstream: 5x
Upstream: 2x
Downstream: 2x
Upstream: none
As a result, our modems are 4 times faster
Downstream: 3x
Upstream: 2x
Meridian’s modems are 2 times faster than this one

MiMo

4×4
2×2
4×4

Max. Modulation

Downstream: 256 QAM
Upstream: 64 QAM
higher modulation equals more speed
Downstream: 64 QAM
Upstream: 16 QAM
Downstream: 256 QAM
Upstream: 64 QAM

Max CA Bandwidth

60MHz
40MHz
60MHz

Performance – BURST RATES (MIR)

Router Throughput

4,800 Mbit/s
400 Mbit/s
2,500 Mbit/s

Bonding Thoughput
(no encryption)

4,800 Mbit/s
150 Mbit/s
600 Mbit/s

Bonding Thoughput
(with encryption)

2,400 Mbit/s
120 Mbit/s
500 Mbit/s

Data Centre Counterpart Throughput

2,400 Mbit/s
100 Mbit/s limit due to data centre license
We don’t know yet if data centre license has been improved, maximum 500 Mbit/s

System Maximum Throughput (MIR) with Bonding

(meaning max speed of the weakest component)

2,400 Mbit/s
100 Mbit/s (This is a big difference that really matters)
We don’t know yet if data centre license has been improved, maximum 500 Mbit/s

Mechanics, Environment, Ergonomics

here Max HD4, LTE-A used for comparison

here Max HD4 MBX, LTE-A-Pro used for comparison

SIM slot location

Front
Rear (this is super unergonomic to replace a SIM card)
Same as older Pepwave

Dimensions in mm

44.5h x 483w x 300d, 1HU (height unit)
50h x 292w x 177d, 5mm more than 1HU so it will waste 1HU extra space in a rack
Same as older Pepwave

Rack Mounted Chassis

Yes
No, need a tray to mount this device in a rack
Same as older Pepwave

Weight

3.5 kg
1.9 kg
Same as older Pepwave

Operating Temperature

-40 – 70°C
-40 – 65°C
Same as older Pepwave

Warranty

2 years
1 year
Same as older Pepwave